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Evaluating News: Bias News

This LibGuide was created to help you evaluate the news around you, teach you to identify Fake News, Bias News, Satirical News and Propaganda

Definition of Bias News

Bias, by definition, refers to showing an unjustified favoritism toward something    or someone. Thus, on a very simplistic level, media bias refers to the media     exhibiting an unjustifiable favoritism as they cover the news. When the        media transmit biased news reports, those reports present viewers with an inaccurate, unbalanced, and/or unfair view of the world around them.

Levasseur, David G. "Media Bias." Encyclopedia of Political Communication, Lynda Lee Kaid, Sage Publications, 2008. Credo Reference, http://proxy.uscupstate.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sagepolcom/media_bias/0. Accessed 23 Jan 2017.

All in the Reporting

Types of Bias

Bias is defined as prejudice against or in favor of one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair. Media bias is when journalists, news producers, and news outlets show bias in the selection of events and stories as well as the ways they are reported. Below find explanations of several of the ways in which bias can show up in the media. When you know what to look for you can see a story for what it is.

Media Bias Chart see linked web page for more information and screen reading

It is getting harder to tell...

Wall Street Journal same day two headlines image

Things are getting harder to tell the truth, the bias and the fake... The picture above appeared on social media claiming that the same paper ran different headlines depending on the market...

According to Snopes http://www.snopes.com/wsj-different-trump-headlines/

This is a mix of true and false, True two different headlines False different markets, they are from different editions the early edition after Trump meet with President of Mexico and seemed to soften his tone the second later in the day when he changed his tone about the wall.

Definition of Partisan and Hyperpartisan

definition of partisan

News Bias

Other types of Bias

Hyperpartisan - Websites, Facebook Pages, and Social Media Accounts

These are websites, social media pages, or accounts designed to spread information presented through a highly partisan, biased lens. Hyperpartisan websites or Facebook pages may share a combination of fake news and partisan content (misleading stories, partisan memes and videos, et cetera) that is not considered fake news, but could still contain misleading or out-of-context information designed to confirm a particular ideological view. Hyperpartisan pages and accounts are often fake news purveyors that generate shares and clicks in order to either push a particular political view or profit from user engagement on social media platforms.

Misleading Information

Misleading or out-of-context information does not on its own constitute fake news. This kind of information is not wholly fabricated, and it can exist within a news report that is based on actual events that occurred. Hyperpartisan sites often share a combination of fake news and posts that simply contain misleading information or lack proper context. Widely shared stories that contain misinformation but do not rise to the level of fake news can feed the larger ecosystem by creating a friendly audience for fabrications.

From Understanding the Fake News Universe A Guide to Fake News Terminology