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Introducing APA 7th Ed.
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th Edition (2020) has now been published to make sure to know if your professor is expecting you to conform to the new citation standards. There is now a separate 7th ed. LibGuide (see link below) for information on the new citation style.
What is APA?
What is APA Style?
APA Style® originated in 1929, when a group of psychologists, anthropologists, and business managers convened and sought to establish a simple set of procedures, or style rules, that would codify the many components of scientific writing to increase the ease of reading comprehension.
As with other editorial styles, APA Style consists of rules or guidelines that a publisher observes to ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material. It concerns uniform use of such elements as
- selection of headings, tone, and length;
- punctuation and abbreviations;
- presentation of numbers and statistics;
- construction of tables and figures,
- citation of references; and
- many other elements that are a part of a manuscript.
American Psychological Association. (n.d.). What is APA Style? Retrieved February 05, 2016, from http://apastyle.org/learn/faqs/what-is-apa-style.aspx?_ga=1.79192721.426893233.1454673043
VIDEO: APA Citation Style Simplified
APA Style Blog - How to Cite examples
What is a DOI and when do I use it?
A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric string that provides a persistent link to content online. In APA style, try to include a DOI for every reference if possible.
The current APA manual calls for the DOI number for all digital documents if present. But what if there is no DOI? Then you might need to use the URL of the journal's home page OR the URL of the subscription database in which you found the article. Confused? This flow chart from APA is a useful way to determine what you need in your citation.
DOI and URL flowchart
This chart helps determine when to us a DOI, URL, or database in your reference.
This site provides a free DOI lookup for articles.
Resolve a DOI
Have a DOI and want to use it to access online content? Enter it here.
University Writing Center
USC Upstate University Writing Center
The USC Upstate University Writing Center is dedicated to assisting both experienced and inexperienced writers at all stages of the writing process, in any discipline. We assist students with pre-writing, revision strategies, and proofreading techniques.
This guide was created with thanks to the Librarians at University of South Carolina's Thomas Cooper Library.