The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th Edition (2020) has now been published to make sure to know if your professor is expecting you to conform to the new citation standards. There is now a separate 7th ed. LibGuide (see link below) for information on the new citation style.
A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric string that provides a persistent link to content online. In APA style, try to include a DOI for every reference if possible.
The current APA manual calls for the DOI number for all digital documents if present. But what if there is no DOI? Then you might need to use the URL of the journal's home page OR the URL of the subscription database in which you found the article. Confused? This flow chart from APA is a useful way to determine what you need in your citation.
USC Upstate Library - Citation Documentation Philosophy
The USC Upstate Library supports student learning and information literacy. Therefore, the library offers tools and resources for students to create their own citations and make informed decisions about citation styles. The experience of creating citations offers students the opportunity to learn about the parts and elements of citations. The process of creating citations strengthens both decision making and critical thinking skills. The familiarity of citation principles is imperative when the accuracy of a citation comes into question. The library offers many print and online citation style resources. The library encourages students to consult these resources to create their own citations basing them on established guidelines.
This guide was created with thanks to the Librarians at University of South Carolina's Thomas Cooper Library.